MPTV Premieres & Highlights: November 2013
November 1st / 11:30 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Injunuity is a mix of animation, music, and real thoughts from real people exploring the world from the Native American perspective. Short stories reflect on the Native American world, a shared past, the turbulent present, and the undiscovered future.
JFK: Breaking the News
November 1st / 8:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
This moving documentary looks at the broadcast coverage of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Stressing how closely the medium and television audiences are joined in times of crisis, the program offers one of the first broadcast examinations of how local journalists, in 1963, delivered rapidly breaking news to a nation in despair. Narrated by Jane Pauley, documentary also allows television audiences to understand the tremendous technical obstacles that had to be overcome and the immediate journalistic decisions that accompanied the initial live remote broadcasts generated by television four decades ago.
Moby Dick from San Francisco Opera
November 1st / 9:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Composer Jake Heggie and librettist Gene Scheer's award-winning opera Moby-Dick brings a thrilling new musical dimension to one of the towering classics of American literature, Herman Melville's celebrated novel "Moby-Dick"; or, "The Whale". The San Francisco Opera's critically acclaimed presentation features Principal Guest Conductor Patrick Summers presiding over a vocally resplendent cast of singers including Jay Hunter Morris (Captain Ahab), Stephen Costello (Greenhorn), Jonathan Lemalu (Queequeg), Morgan Smith (Starbuck), Talise Trevigne (Pip), Matthew O'Neill (Flask) and Robert Orth (Stubb).
Movie: Strangers on a Train
November 2nd / 7:00 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
One of Alfred Hitchcock's greatest works, based on Patricia Highsmith's novel. Two men meet by chance on a train and facetiously discuss swapping murder targets in each other's life, but when one man carries out the killing he tries to force the other to fulfill their "bargain." Robert Walker, Farley Granger, Ruth Roman star.
20th Century Battlefields: Vietnam
November 3rd / 11:00 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
A look is taken at the conduct of the war in Vietnam, covering the Tet Offensive of 1968 with the fighting at Saigon and Khe Sanh, and the Battle of Hue. Peter Snow, a former presenter of Newsnight, one the BBC's flagship news programs from 1980 to 1997 hosts, along with his son Dan.
Secrets of Selfridges
November 3rd / 7:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Two words are synonymous with the department store Selfridges: luxury and London. However, Selfridges was the brain child of an American, Mr. Harry Gordon Selfridge. It was Selfridge who coined the phrase "the customer is always right," an expression that has become the mantra of retail stores all over the world. Today, Selfridges remains as much of an attraction as it was when it opened in 1909. This program reveals the grandiose store's hidden stories and delves deep into the mind of its ambitious creator.
Frank Zeidler Memorial Lecture
The Struggle for Civil & Economic Rights: 50 Years after the March on Washington
November 4th / 10:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
The 6th Annual Frank P. Zeidler Memorial Lecture celebrates the life, ideals and work of one of Milwaukee's greatest public servants, who served as Mayor of the city from 1948 to 1960. The 6th Annual Frank P. Zeidler Memorial Lecture explores the struggle for civil and economic rights-50 Years after the March on Washington. Panelists include Rev. Joseph E. Ellwanger, Rev. Dr. Trinette V. McCray and Sheila Cochran. A lively Q&A interchange is led by James Causey, editorial writer and columnist at the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Recorded September 26, 2013 at the Milwaukee Public Library.
The Green Man, Part 1
November 4th / 8:00 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
Sgt. Troy (Daniel Casey) wins a promotion to inspector but before he can decide on his future, the Midsomer canal tunnel collapses during a restoration project, revealing ancient human bones with a recent skeleton hidden among them. (1 of 14)
Jimi Hendrix: American Masters
November 5th / 8:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Considered a pioneering electric guitarist, one of the most influential in the history of popular music, Jimi Hendrix only had four years of mainstream exposure and recognition, but his music and riveting stage presence left an enormous, enduring legacy. Tracing his roots from Seattle to international stardom, this is his definitive story, illustrated by interviews with Hendrix at venues such as the Miami Pop Festival and illuminated with commentary by Paul McCartney, Noel Redding, Billy Cox, Eddie Kramer and others.
We Served Too: The Story of the Women's Airforce Service Pilots
November 5th / 9:00 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
This is a story of a group of young, determined and courageous women during World War II who broke through barriers and shattered stereotypes...the Women's Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs).
Soldiers' Stories: A Black Nouveau Special
November 6th / 6:30 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
African-Americans have fought for the United States in every war the nation has entered; often sacrificing their lives for freedoms they have been denied. Black Nouveau profiles African-American veterans who answered the call to duty.
Fishing Behind The Lines
November 7th / 10:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Host Don Meissner and special guests Sergeant First Class David Geig and his son, Nick, who turned 13 years old on the day this show was produced, enjoy a day on the mighty St. Lawrence. Sergeant First Class Geig is in the Military Police on Fort Drum and an accomplished artist. Don helps SFC. Geig and his son catch bass on this special birthday episode. (5 of 13)
Around the Farm Table
Switchel Brew Got The Scything Crew
November 7th / 7:30 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Inga shares her passion for grazing dairy cows and delivers drinks to the haymakers using old-fashioned Austrian Scythes. (2 of 4)
Deer Hunt Special 2013
November 7th / 9:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
OUTDOOR WISCONSIN host Dan Small gears up for the upcoming gun deer season with experts from Wisconsin's Department of Natural Resources.
Milwaukee's Forest Home Cemetery
November 8th / 8:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Host Dan Jones takes a look at the history of one of the oldest and largest cemeteries in Milwaukee, WI. Celebrating the 150th anniversary of its founding in the year 2000, the 200-acre Forest Home Cemetery is a final resting place to more than 100,000 former Milwaukee-area residents--including some nationally known names like Pabst, Blatz, Schlitz, and war hero Billy Mitchell.
Stephen Sondheim's Company with the New York Philharmonic
November 8th / 9:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Set in a swinging New York City evocative of the time of the show's 1970 Broadway debut, Company follows perennial bachelor Robert (Neil Patrick Harris) on the occasion of his 35th birthday as his five married couple friends gather to celebrate and offer varying degrees of relationship advice. This New York Philharmonic gala concert production is directed by Sondheim veteran Lonny Price. Harris' co-stars include Patti LuPone, Stephen Colbert, Christina Hendricks (Mad Men), Anika Noni Rose (Dreamgirls), Jon Cryer and Martha Plimpton performing the show's many Sondheim standards, including "Another Hundred People," "Barcelona," "Side by Side," "The Ladies Who Lunch" and "Being Alive".
Maggie's War: A True Story of Courage, Leadership and Valor in World War II
November 9th / 10:00 am / MPTV Digital 36.1
James Megellas, affectionately known as "Maggie," led H-Company of the 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment through some of the most horrific battles and deadliest missions of World War II, including the Battle of Anzio, Operation Market Garden and the Battle of the Bulge. MAGGIE'S WAR chronicles the evolution of a citizen into a fearless platoon leader, and the transformation of a young man into the most highly decorated officer in the history of the famed 82nd Airborne Division. Seven decades later, cameras follow Megellas, now a retired Lieutenant Colonel, on an emotional return to Europe with a small group of family, friends and 82nd Airborne veterans. Together they visit old battlefields and war memorials and encounter Dutch citizens still grateful for their sacrifice.
Not Yet Begun to Fight
November 9th / 8:00 am / MPTV Digital 36.1
Retired Marine Colonel Eric Hastings remembers flight missions high above the death and destruction in Vietnam. When he returned home to Montana in 1969, to a nation decades away from diagnosing PTSD, he went to the water. He tied a fly onto a line and cast. The river, he says, healed him. Hastings is followed, as he reaches out to five men, a new generation returning from war.
America's Test Kitchen from Cook's Illustrated
A Slow and Easy Thanksgiving
November 9th / 2:30 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
Becky uncovers the secrets to a slow and easy Thanksgiving with Braised Turkey; and, she makes Bread Stuffing for a crowd. Adam reviews oven thermometers.
Wings for Maggie Ray
November 10th / 8:00 am / MPTV Digital 36.1
The remarkable life and legacy of Margaret "Maggie" Ringenberg (1921-2008), a U.S. Army Air Force WASP (Women's Air Service Pilot) and renowned long-distance aviation racer is celebrated. Re-enactments, archival photos and film, and insightful interviews from those closest to her shed light on Maggie's fearlessness, confidence, competitive nature, drive and determination.
Veterans of the Forgotten War
November 11th / 10:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
For most Americans, the Korean Conflict is the "Forgotten War," sandwiched between World War II and Vietnam. The three year engagement (1950-53) did not end with victory as did World War II, nor did it stir the passions and divisions of our nation like Vietnam; yet it had a profound impact on the United States and the world. MPTV honors Wisconsin Veterans who fought in Korea and explains the significance of the conflict and its impact on the Cold War.
Wisconsin Remembers John F. Kennedy
November 11th / 6:30 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
As we approach the 50th anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, MPTV takes a look at the relationship between Kennedy and Wisconsin, and revisits his campaign here, his presidency, and his assassination. Producer Dan Jones talks to people who knew Kennedy, and to others who simply admired him.
JFK: American Experience
November 11th / 8:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
American Experience offers a fresh assessment of John F. Kennedy, his accomplishments and his unfulfilled promise. Beginning with Kennedy's childhood years as the privileged but sickly second son of one of the wealthiest men in America, the film explores his early political career as a lackluster congressman, his successful run for the U.S. Senate, and the game-changing presidential campaign that made him the youngest elected president in U.S. history. (Part 1)
The Harvey Girls: Opportunity Bound
November 12th / 9:00 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
America's tales about taming the Wild West rarely include women. But in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, more than 100,000 pioneering young women left home to work as waitresses in restaurants located on train platforms along the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. This film explores the lives, experiences, and contributions of the women who worked for the Fred Harvey restaurant empire.
Cold Case JFK
November 13th / 8:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
For decades, the assassination of John F. Kennedy has fueled dark rumors of conspiracies and mishandled evidence. Now, 50 years later, NOVA asks: Could modern investigators do better? See how state-of-the art forensic tools would be applied to the investigation were it to happen today. At the same time, NOVA takes a critical look at contemporary cases, like the murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman, to reveal how charges of evidence mishandling and human error can mar even scientifically sophisticated detective work.
Secrets of the Dead
JFK: One PM Central Standard Time
November 13th / 9:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
This episode chronicles minute-by-minute the assassination of JFK, as it was revealed in the CBS newsroom from the moment the President was shot until Walter Cronkite's emotional pronouncement of his death, one hour and eight minutes later.
Transplant: A Gift for Life
November 16th / 8:00 am / MPTV Digital 36.1
Filmmaker Dennis Mahoney explores the powerful stories and the cutting-edge science behind organ donation. A daughter talks about sharing half of her liver to save her father's life; the recipient of a lung transplant reaches out to his deceased donor's family; and two mothers talk about nursing their sons through multiple transplants. Transplant surgeons and specialists from the Mayo Clinic and the University of Minnesota are featured, along with Susan Gunderson, the executive director of LifeSource, a non-profit organization dedicated to saving lives through organ and tissue donation.
Korea - The Forgotten War In Colour
November 16th / 9:00 am / MPTV Digital 36.1
The story of the Korean War is told through powerful color imagery, dramatic musical score and soundscape. In this first of two parts, the summer of 1950 sees the people of Korea trapped in the vice-like grip of the beginnings of the Cold War, as the two new superpowers of the postwar world flex their muscles--the United States and the Soviet Union. (1 of 2)
America's Test Kitchen from Cook's Illustrated
Turkey on the Grill
November 16th / 2:30 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
Bridget shows Host Christopher Kimball how to make a Simple Grill-Roasted Turkey and serves it with Cranberry Chutney. Chris reveals the Test Kitchen's best tips for taking the temperature of a turkey. Adam reveals his top pick for All Purpose Cleaners in the Equipment Corner. (13 of 26)
November 18th / 10:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
The hope and determination of modern-day American Indian life is revealed in this story about what it takes to win one of the most exciting and dangerous forms of horse racing practiced anywhere in the world today. From the bitter cold of winter on the Rocky Mountain front to the heat and mayhem of the summer's championship races in Wyoming, Montana, Idaho and Oregon, "Indian Relay" follows several teams from three different communities as they prepare for and compete across a grueling Indian Relay season.
Kennedy Half Century
November 18th / 9:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Based on Larry Sabato's book, "The Kennedy Half Century," this documentary chronicles the impact and influence of John F. Kennedy's life, administration and tragic death on the general public, the media and every subsequent U.S. president.
Burt Wolf: Taste of Freedom
November 18th / 9:31 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
The first nationwide Thanksgiving in the U.S. took place at the end of the Revolutionary War, when George Washington called for a Thanksgiving Day on Thursday, November 26th, 1789. But it was only a one-time event. Burt Wolf discovers why it took until 1941 for Thanksgiving to be a federal holiday, how the bald eagle won out over the turkey as a national bird, and what stuffing U.S. founding parents preferred.
November 19th / 8:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
In 1863 Abraham Lincoln proved himself a master of a new frontier-not on the battlefields of the Civil War, but in his "high-tech" command center: the War Department Telegraph Office, America's first "Situation Room." The "Internet" of the 19th century, the telegraph gave Lincoln new powers to reshape leadership and wield personal control across distant battlefields. A look is taken at how Lincoln's pioneering experiment in electronic leadership led to the rebirth of America on the fields of Gettysburg... both in the battle that turned the tide of the Civil War, and in a few words that recast the American ideal as a national creed: the Gettysburg Address.
Who Was Lee Harvey Oswald?
November 19th / 9:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
FRONTLINE marks the 50th anniversary of John F. Kennedy's assassination with a reprise of its investigative biography of the man at the center of the political crime of the 20th century. At the heart of the assassination lies the puzzle of Lee Harvey Oswald. Twenty years ago, in the most comprehensive attempt on American television to penetrate this enduring enigma, FRONTLINE's investigative team spent more than a year reexamining Oswald's life and sifting through the psychological, political, and forensic evidence of his role in the assassination. Traveling to Japan, Russia, Europe, Mexico, Canada and across the United States, the team uncovered new witnesses, documents, photographs, video and audio recordings of Lee Oswald, many of which had never before been made public.
November 20th / 9:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Comets have fascinated, even terrified us for thousands of years. This year, a particularly massive chunk of ice and rock is coming our way. As it races past us toward the sun it should develop a tail that will light up the skies brighter than a full moon. Then the comet will slingshot around the back of the sun and could emerge brighter than ever, treating the entire northern hemisphere to an unforgettable sight. In this program, scientists all over the world follow a once-in-a-lifetime event and shoot breath-taking images.
November 22nd / 9:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Experience a variety of musical genres through the vibrancy of Nashville's Americana music scene. From Emmylou Harris to Mumford and Sons, Rosanne Cash to The Mavericks, NASHVILLE 2.0 celebrates the American musical melting pot.
Farm Holiday Special with Ian Knauer
November 23rd / 10:30 am / MPTV Digital 36.1
Celebrate the holidays with Ian Knauer. Learn new takes on classic family dishes like dried cranberry dressing with homemade crusty bread and smoked-braised duck, and follow along as Ian builds a smoker from parts he finds on the farm. Family and friends gather to enjoy the garden-to-table feast.
Sara's Weeknight Meals
November 23rd / 2:30 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
Sara covers the essentials of how to buy, defrost, brine, roast and time turkey. Later, she prepares a One-Size-Fits-All Stuffing; how to prep delicious wine-infused Gravy in Advance; and, how to keep and re-heat tasty Mashed Potatoes.
Joy of Kosher with Jamie Geller: Chanukah Special
November 24th / 11:34 am / MPTV Digital 36.1
Best selling cookbook author Jamie Geller explores Jewish cuisine and culture in the company of home cooks, friends and family. She introduces some of her family's favorite recipes during Chanukah, and explains how Jewish/Kosher cooking traditions.
November 24th / 11:00 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
URBAN REZ explores the controversial legacy and modern-day repercussions of the Urban Relocation Program (1952-1973), the greatest voluntary upheaval of Native Americans during the 20th century. During the documentary, dozens of American Indians representing tribal groups from across the West recall their first-hand experiences with relocation, including the early hardships, struggles with isolation and racism.
Carol Burnett: The Mark Twain Prize
November 24th / 7:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Carol Burnett is this year's recipient of the Kennedy Center's Mark Twain Prize for American Humor. The comedy world convenes in Washington, DC to toast Burnett. The all-star cast includes Julie Andrews, Lucie Arnaz, Tony Bennett, Tim Conway, Tina Fey, Rashida Jones, Vicki Lawrence, Amy Poehler, Maya Rudolph, Martin Short and Rosemary Watson.
Custer's Last Stand: American Experience
November 24th / 8:00 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
General Custer was one of the most charismatic and contradictory American leaders of the 19th century. From his memorable charge at Gettysburg, to his lonely, untimely death on the windswept plains of the West, this film reveals how the ambitious son of a blacksmith ricocheted from triumph to disaster, from battlefield heroism to impetuous escapade.
November 25th / 10:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
In a small town in the heart of the Pine Ridge Reservation, Sunny, her twin sister Serena and their neighbor, Brandon, share a common dream of helping to create a better future for their tribe. When South Dakota passes a law criminalizing abortion, their tribal President, Cecelia, challenges it with a threat to build a clinic on the reservation, drawing Sunny, Serena and Brandon into a political storm that changes the course of each of their lives.
Indians Like Us
November 25th / 11:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
A small group of French citizens called "Savvy Western," share a passion for everything Native American. Every weekend, they dress in Native regalia and make appearances at various village fairs alongside their countrymen in France. They decide to travel to the United States and meet "real Indians". They manage a two-week drive across the Midwest and discover that the reality of contemporary Native Americans is quite different from what they expected.
State Honors Concert Highlights 2013
November 25th / 9:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Enjoy the talent of Wisconsin's finest young musicians as they unite for one of the most rewarding musical experiences of their lives.
Burt Wolf: Taste of Freedom
November 25th / 9:32 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
Every year, Jews throughout the world light Hanukkah candles in memory of a miracle. In this program, Burt Wolf uncovers the history of the holiday, visits the largest and most comprehensive collection of Hanukkah lamps in the world, explains why potato pancakes and doughnuts are served at Hanukkah, and discovers the secret of the spinning dreidel.
Climbed Every Mountain with Nicholas Hammond
November 26th / 9:00 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
This award-winning documentary explores the true story behind the famous von Trapp family featured in the blockbuster 1965 movie "The Sound of Music". The program includes rare and unseen footage of the von Trapps in the 1950s, beautiful home movies shot by Nicholas's mother during the shooting of "The Sound of Music", and recent interviews with von Trapp family members.
The Cat in the Hat Knows A Lot About Christmas!
November 27th / 7:30 am / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
This adventure finds the Cat in the Hat, Nick and Sally on a journey around the world to help a lost reindeer find his way home in time for Christmas. They depend on a variety of animals and their remarkable abilities to help them make an amazing journey home.
My Life As A Turkey
November 27th / 7:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Writer and naturalist Joe Hutto raised wild turkeys from chicks. Hutto spent each day out and about as a "wild turkey" with his family of chicks until the day came when he had to let his children grow up and go off on their own. Hutto's story eventually became a book, Illuminations in the Flatlands.
An Original DUCKumentary
November 27th / 8:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
There are some 150 species of ducks, representing a wide variety of shapes, sizes and behaviors. Some are noisy and gregarious, others shy and elusive. They are familiar animals we think we know. But most of us don't really know these phenomenal, sophisticated creatures at all. Nature follows a wood duck family as a male and female create a bond, migrate together across thousands of miles, nurture and protect a brood of chicks, then come full circle as they head to their wintering grounds.
The Private Life of Deer
November 27th / 9:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
NATURE reveals the hidden world of white-tailed deer in a whole new light, allowing us to see them not as common backyard creatures, but as intelligent, affectionate family members.
Lewis & Clark: The Journey of the Corps of Discovery
November 28th / 9:00 am / MPTV Digital 36.1
In 1801, the United States ended at the Mississippi River and almost all Americans lived 50 miles west of the Atlantic Ocean. When President Jefferson bought the Louisiana Territory from Napoleon, he doubled the country's size. The sudden western expansion of the United States motivated Jefferson to find the great byway to the West. He commissioned his secretary, Meriwether Lewis, to the task of revealing the West. Lewis asked his old friend, William Clark, and a group of rough frontiersmen to join the expedition, now called the Corps of Discovery. This Ken Burns documentary chronicles the challenges, frustrations and anxiety that faced the Corps of Discovery.
Emma Toft: One with Nature
November 28th / 7:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Explore the work of an environmental pioneer in Wisconsin's Door County. Despite commercial development just down the road, Toft Point near Bailey's Harbor remains, as it was over a thousand years ago. Emma Toft was a lady of the wilderness and was willing to fight for the land and the respect of plants and animals. This is a story of her preservation and perseverance.
Sitting Bull: A Stone In My Heart
November 29th / 1:00 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
This award-winning documentary makes extensive use of Sitting Bull's own words, offering an intimate portrait of one of America's legendary figures and leader of the great Sioux Nation. Over six-hundred historical photographs and images, and a compelling original music score, brings to life the little-know human side of Sitting Bull as well as the story of a great man's struggle to maintain his people's way of life against an ever-expanding westward movement of white settlers.
The Reindeer Queen
November 29th / 2:00 pm / MPTV Digital 36.1
"Sinrock Mary" Antisarlook--also known by her fellow Eskimos as "Queen Mary"-- the Arctic's wealthiest woman during the Alaska Gold Rush is profiled. The daughter of a Russian merchant father and a native Alaskan mother, Mary, through twists of fate, amassed the largest reindeer herd in the North. As her reputation and riches grew, drifters conspired to gain control of her herd, but she outwitted them all. This unusual documentary, the recipient of awards from the National Educational Film and Video Festival and New York's Margaret Mead Film Festival, brings Mary's remarkable story to life through archival photographs, film footage and interviews with her granddaughters.
Barbra Streisand: Back to Brooklyn
November 29th / 8:00 pm / MPTV HD 10.1 and 36.2
Barbra Streisand makes a historic homecoming "Back to Brooklyn" at the new Barclays Center Arena, marking the superstar's first Brooklyn concert since her childhood years. Joined by special guests Il Volo and Chris Botti, Streisand performs an extensive selection of songs from throughout her five decade career, including a touching duet with her son Jason Gould.
November 30th / 8:00 am / MPTV Digital 36.1
The challenges impacting our nation's healthcare system due to the looming shortage of primary care physicians is examined. Through an intimate look into the lives of physicians and their communities in rural Georgia, the issues surrounding this dire situation become personal, sparking concern and action to address this major national problem.